The Tablelands is a unique geological formation located in Gros Morne National Park in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It is a barren plateau made up of rocks that are over one billion years old, and it is a strikingly different landscape from the surrounding area. In this article, we will explore the history and geology of the Tablelands and what makes it such a unique and fascinating natural wonder.
The Tablelands were formed over 500 million years ago during a period of intense geological activity. The area was once a part of the ocean floor, but it was pushed up to the surface when two tectonic plates collided. The collision created a range of mountains that were eventually eroded away by glaciers and weathering.
What makes the Tablelands unique is the presence of peridotite, a type of rock that is not commonly found on the Earth’s surface. Peridotite is usually found deep beneath the Earth’s crust, and it is one of the main components of the Earth’s mantle. The peridotite in the Tablelands was brought to the surface through a process of uplift and erosion, giving the area its distinct landscape.
The Tablelands are also home to a number of other types of rocks, including serpentine, gabbro, and basalt. The combination of these rocks gives the area a diverse range of colors and textures, making it a fascinating area for geologists and nature enthusiasts.
Flora and Fauna
Due to the harsh and barren nature of the Tablelands, the area is not suitable for most types of vegetation. However, a few hardy plants have adapted to the unique conditions of the area, including the mountain avens, dwarf birch, and the arctic willow.
The Tablelands are also home to a number of animals, including the woodland caribou, black bears, and moose. The area is a popular destination for hikers and nature enthusiasts, as it provides a unique opportunity to observe these animals in their natural habitat.
The Tablelands have a rich cultural history, dating back to the indigenous people who lived in the area for thousands of years. The area was an important source of copper for the Mi’kmaq people, who used it to make tools and ornaments.
European settlers arrived in the area in the 18th and 19th centuries, and the Tablelands became an important site for mining. The area was a major source of copper and other minerals, and several mines were established in the area.
Today, the Tablelands are a popular destination for visitors to Gros Morne National Park. The area offers a number of hiking trails that allow visitors to explore the unique landscape and observe the diverse range of rocks and minerals.
One of the most popular hiking trails in the area is the Tablelands Trail, which is a 4-kilometer loop that takes visitors through the heart of the Tablelands. The trail offers stunning views of the surrounding mountains and provides a fascinating glimpse into the geology of the area.
The Tablelands are a unique and fascinating natural wonder that is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Newfoundland and Labrador.
With its strikingly different landscape, diverse range of rocks and minerals, and rich cultural history, the Tablelands offer a wealth of attractions and activities for visitors. Whether you are a geologist, hiker, or nature enthusiast, the Tablelands are a destination that should not be missed.